English: From top left: Downtown Chicago, the ...

English: From top left: Downtown Chicago, the Willis Tower, the Chicago Theater, the Chicago “L”, Navy Pier, the Field Museum, and Millenium Park (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Otis McDonald, a long-time Chicago resident and the lead plaintiff in McDonald v. Chicago, passed away on Friday, April 4. He was 79. It's likely that he didn't fully appreciate the impact the decision made by the Supreme Court in 2010 would have in the freedom fight in America. What is clear is that impact will continue to be felt for years to come.

Within two years of that decision, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in Ezell v. Chicago that Chicago's draconian laws were unconstitutional, followed by the same court's decision in Moore v. Madigan to require the Illinois legislature to rewrite state law allowing concealed carry in the state for the first time since 1982. Licenses began being issued in January.

McDonald's background was so different from anti-gunners' stereotypical view of the average gun owner that he served attorney Alan Gura's purpose perfectly. Gura was the lead attorney for the Foundation  in Heller v. District of Columbia in 2008 which held that the Second Amendment not only applies to federal enclaves like DC but also that it protects an individual's right to keep and bear firearms. Gura read with great interest Judge Scalia's opinion where the justice wrote:

Blacks were routinely disarmed by Southern States after the Civil War. Those who opposed these injustices frequently state that they infringed blacks' constitutional right to keep and bear arms.

Gura knew that any case brought before the court to give it the opportunity to expand further its Heller decision to every state (through “incorporation” of the Fourteenth Amendment) would be helped if he could find a plaintiff who was black. In addition to McDonald Gura found three others who would also serve to negate and frustrate the anti-gunners stereotypical misperception of a gun-owning .

For example, Gura enlisted the help of Adam Orlov, a 40-year-old liberal, to join McDonald. Orlov summarized his own background: “I grew up in Rogers Park … a very liberal household: no firearms, not hunters, nothing like that.” But as a police officer in Evanston, Orlov cultivated an interest in and when he learned that Gura was planning to challenge the city of Chicago after his success in Heller, he approached Gura.

To round things out, Gura recruited Colleen and David Lawson, a mixed-race, middle-aged couple living in the eminently forgettable middle-class neighborhood of Far Northwest Side of Chicago. Colleen had little interest in, or use for, guns until the day their home was broken into by three thugs one afternoon when she was at home, sick with the flu.

But McDonald was selected to lead the parade of plaintiffs. One of 12 children born to sharecroppers in 1933, McDonald joined the Army at age 17 where he served for a two years. In 1952 he moved to Chicago where he barely existed on part-time jobs before finally being hired fulltime at the University of Chicago as a janitor. He worked his way up to become the maintenance engineer at one of the university's buildings, while studying at night at Kennedy-King College where he eventually obtained an associate's degree.

In 1971 he bought a home in a nice neighborhood for his wife and family, but by the 1990s it had suffered serious decline and was increasingly inhabited by dope dealers, gangs and similar vermin that increasingly threatened the elderly. McDonald found himself threatened when outside of his home, and forced to clean up garbage (and worse) they would throw onto his front yard. In the past few years there were five break-ins at his home, and McDonald wanted to defend himself. He told Chicago magazine in the summer of 2008:

You go out there in the morning and pick up bottles and things on the lawn.

[The gang members] are out there at three in the morning, in the middle of the street, drinking and smoking their stuff.

They throw stuff all over your lawn, and you can't say anything because they might up and shoot you.

McDonald owned a number of long guns but felt they were unwieldy in the event he had to defend himself from another attack. But Chicago's laws against owning a handgun were so onerous that he essentially was defenseless. In an interview with Massad Ayoob in 2010, McDonald said:

I own long guns … but how long do you think it will take me to get up, get out of bed, and get my hands on a shotgun if someone is breaking in through the bedroom window?

In the summer of 2007 McDonald attended a gun-rights rally in Springfield where an organizer introduced him to Gura.

As Ayoob expressed it when he learned that McDonald was going to be the lead plaintiff in the against Chicago:

When the Second Amendment Foundation mounted this challenge to the Chicago handgun ban, they could not have made a better choice. Mr. McDonald is your quintessential hard-working, self-made American.

May Otis McDonald, the unheralded American hero who only wanted to live a quiet and peaceable life, enjoying rights enshrined in the , rest in peace. May his legacy continue to grow.





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